Characterized by symptoms such as: depressed mood, decreased interest or pleasure in activities, changes in appetite, insomnia, psychomotor alterations, fatigue, feelings of worthlessness or guilt, diminished ability to think or concentrate, recurrent thoughts about death, suicidal ideation.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
The essential features are obsessions, such as persistent ideas, thoughts, impulses, or images and compulsions, such as repetitive behaviours or mental acts.
It is characterized by anxiety, exaggerated worry accompanied by restlessness, fatigue, difficulty concentrating, irritability and disturbed sleep.
Symptoms include palpitations, sweating, difficulty breathing, chest pain, dizziness or feelings of light-headedness, derealization or depersonalization, fear of losing control, fear of dying.
Eating disorders: refusal to maintain a minimally normal body weight (anorexia) or repeated episodes of binge eating, followed by inappropriate compensatory behaviours (bulimia). The common feature of these two disorders is the existence of a distorted body image.
They are characterized by a serious and global deficit in several areas of development: social skills, communication skills or the presence of stereotyped behaviours, interests and activities (e.g. Autism).
They include disorders related to the abuse of drugs, including alcohol, (addiction, abuse, intoxication and withdrawal). They also include behavioural addictions, such as pathological gambling and compulsive shopping, among others.
Schizophrenia and other psychoses
It is characterized by a possible loss of contact with reality, with symptoms such as psychomotor agitation/retardation, behaviours, feelings and the production of dysfunctional thoughts that cause marked social or occupational dysfunction.
The clinical course of this disorder is characterized by the presence of manic or mixed episodes (include depressive episodes).
They are characterized by disturbances in sexual desire and changes that characterize the sexual response cycle or pain associated with sexual intercourse.
They arise from endogenous abnormalities of the mechanisms of genesis and time of the sleep-wake cycle, often complicated by conditioning factors.
Personality traits are maladaptive, causing significant functional impairment or subjective distress: paranoid, schizoid and schizotypal personality disorder; antisocial, borderline, histrionic and narcissistic personality disorders; dependent, avoidant and obsessive-compulsive personality disorders.
Pattern of clinically significant somatic complaints, recurrent and multiple. A somatic complaint is considered clinically significant if it results in medical treatment or causes significant impairment in social and occupational functioning.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity of an intensity and frequency more severe than typically observed in individuals with a similar level of development.
They are characterized by the development of multiple cognitive deficits (including memory impairment) due to the direct effects of a general physical state, the persistent effects of a substance or multiple etiologies.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
Development of characteristic symptoms following exposure to or observation of an extreme traumatic stressor involving direct personal experience with an event that involves death, the threat of death or serious injury.